Reporting standards
Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work.
Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Data Access and Retention
Authors are asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data (consistent with the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases), if practicable, and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a
reasonable time after publication.

Originality and Plagiarism
The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.

Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication
An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.

Acknowledgement of Sources
Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.

Authorship of the Paper
Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.
The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the pape
r and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects
If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify these in the manuscript.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published works
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor toretract or correct the paper.

ISSN 2421-0145 (print edition), ISSN 2974-7147 (online edition)

Medicine Papers
Editorial board

Managing Editor
Ignazio Sparacio - Palermo, Italy

Davide Vancheri - Palermo, Italy

Assistant Editors
Alberto Scalia - Palermo, Italy
Francesco Sparacio - Palermo, Italy
Andrea Tetamo - Palermo, Italy


Dr. Massimo Branca - General Surgery and Emergency, “Villa Sofia-Cervello”  United Hospitals, Palermo, Italy
Dr. Raffaella Morreale Bubella - Section of Ophthalmology, Department of Experimental Biomedicine and Clinical Neuroscience, University of Palermo, Italy
Dr. Francesco Paolo Brancato - Gastroenterology, "S. Vito e Santo Spirito" Hospital, Alcamo, Trapani, Italy
Dr. Daniela Colomba - Internal Medicine and Cardioangiology, University Hospital “Policlinico  P. Giaccone”, Palermo, Italy
Prof. Franco Canestrari - M.D. - University of Urbino “Carlo Bo” (now retired), Italy
Dr. Luigi Di Rosa -
Ophthalmic Specialist, Palermo, Italy
Dr. Giuseppe Donato - Marsala, Italy
Dr. Fabio Gabrielli - Institute “P. Sotgiu”, L.U.de.S., University, Lugano, Switzerland
Dr. Armando Gregorini - University of Urbino “Carlo Bo”, Italy
Prof. Angelo Messina - Faculty of General Pathology, University of Catania, Italy
Prof. Piero Pavone - Unit of Pediatrics and Pediatric Emergency, University Hospital “Policlinico Vittorio Emanuele”, Catania, Italy
Prof. Vito Pavone - Department of Orthopedics, University Hospital “Policlinico Vittorio Emanuele”, Catania, Italy
Dr. Stefano Reale - Istituto Zooprofilattico della Sicilia, Palermo, Italy
Dr. Salvatore Rizza - General Surgery, “Umberto I”  Hospital, Enna, Italy
Dr. Mario Salmeri - Department of Biomedical Sciences and Biotechnology, Microbiology Section - University of  Catania, Italy
Dr. Simone Scarlata - Unit of Respiratory Pathophysiology, Campus Bio Medico University and Teaching Hospital, Rome, Italy
Prof. Agostino Serra - Faculty of  Otolaryngology, University of Catania, Italy
Dr. Lucio Tonello - Institute “P. Sotgiu”, L.U.de.S., University, Lugano, Switzerland
Prof. Maria Antonietta Toscano - Department of  Department of Biomedical Sciences and Technology, Microbiology Section - University of  Catania, Italy
Dr. Antonio Vivirito - Cardiology E.U.T.I.C. “Civico” Hospital, Palermo, Italy
Dr. Marco Tomasetti - Department of Clinical Sciences and Molecular Medicine of Labor, Marche Polytechnic University, Ancona, Italy


Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement
The publication of an article in a peer reviewed journal is an essential model for our Journal. It is necessary to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer and the publisher. Our ethic statements are
based on COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

Publication decisions
The editor of Medicine Papers is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The editor may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement
and plagiarism. The editor may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.

Fair play
An editor at any time evaluates manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.

The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's own research without the express written consent of the author


Contribution to Editorial Decisions
Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the paper.

Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.

Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

Standards of Objectivity
Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Acknowledgement of Sources
Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest
Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors,
companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

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